Asses the functionalist view that religion benefits both society as a whole and its individual members 33marks the functionalist view of religion stems from durkheim who said that society is like the human body. The functionalist perspective, also called functionalism, is one of the major theoretical perspectives in sociology it has its origins in the works of emile durkheim, who was especially interested in how social order is possible or how society remains relatively stable. Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist view on society functionalism is a consensus perspective, whereby society is based on shared values and norms into which members are socialised for functionalists, society is seen as a system of social institutions such as the economy. Thomas o'dea (1954) followed up an excellent exposition of parsons's functionalist analysis of religion with an eloquent critique that argued, in effect, that a functional analysis that led to an understanding of too little of what a religion is about hardly provides an understanding at all. According to functionalism, religion acts as a conservative force by reinforcing social norms and promoting social solidarity this post is a summary of the key ideas of the main functionalist theorists of religion: durkheim , parsons and malinowski.
Religion, in functionalist view, exists to promote social order and solidarity functionalists argue that religion plays an essential role in creating value consensus and regulating society for durkheim (1915), sacred things, which can evoke deep feelings of awe, fear and wonder, are fundamental in all religions. Functionalist perspective emile durkheim durkheim studied australian aboriginal tribes on the assumption that studying the earliest, least developed form of religion would provide insight into the essential elements of religion. Functionalist theory functionalists view religion in a positive way they see religion to play the function of maintaining harmony and social cohesion functionalism is a value consensus theory and so functionalists see religion as a positive apparatus in society which promotes social solidarity and allows society to run smoothly.
Discuss the functionalist perspective on religion (20 marks) the functionalist perspective is a consensus theory it believes that society has a set of shared values and beliefs durkheim was the 1st functionalist to develop the idea that religious institutions play a central part in creating and maintaining value consensus, order and solidarity. The main role of religion is to reinforce shared values & moral beliefs this helps to strengthen the collective conscience of society by defining these shared values as sacred, religion adds extra power to these shared values. In view of the obvious difficulty of distinguishing in this perspective between religion and ideologies, however, a functionalist definition cannot go far towards emphasising religion's distinctiveness. Religious studies, alternately known as the study of religion, is an academic field devoted to research into religious beliefs, behaviors, and institutions it describes, compares, interprets, and explains religion, emphasizing systematic, historically based, and cross-cultural perspectives.
The functionalist perspective, which originates from emile durkheim's work on religion, highlights the social role of religion learning objectives explain how functionalists view the purpose of religion in society. Discuss the functionalist view of religion, including both the functions and dysfunction it may serve functionalists believe that religion is a conservative force, and an institution which adds to the requirements of society. Structural functionalism, or simply functionalism, is a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. The functionalist perspective's idea is quite simple it is that, as the human body system works, the institutions in the society works interdependently for the proper functioning of the whole the whole being the entire society.
Durkheim's theory of religion exemplifies how functionalists examine sociological phenomena according to durkheim, people see religion as contributing to the health and continuation of society in general. The functionalist perspective is based largely on the works of herbert spencer, emile durkheim, talcott parsons, and robert merton according to functionalism, society is a system of. Durkheim's views are more appropriate for small, non-literate, mono-cultural societies, with close integration, where social institutions merge his views less relevant to modern societies, which have many subcultures and ethnic groups.
Functionalist theories of religion 1 functionalisttheories of religion for a2 sociology: beliefs in society 2 • for functionalists, society is a system of iterated parts of social institutions, such as religion, t. Sociological perspectives on religion aim to understand the functions religion serves, the inequality and other problems it can reinforce and perpetuate, and the role it plays in our daily lives (emerson, monahan, & mirola, 2011. The difference between conflict and functionalist theories on religion are: conflict theory refers to religion as the sigh of the oppressed creature, the sentiment of a heartless world, and the soul of the soulless condition it is the opium of the people functionalism is a structural. According to the functionalist perspective, also called functionalism, each aspect of society is interdependent and contributes to society's functioning as a whole the government, or state, provides education for the children of the family, which in turn pays taxes on which the state depends to keep itself running.
Below are various short quotes from philosophers and scholars of religion which attempt to capture the nature of religion from a functionalist perspective: religion is a set of symbolic forms and acts which relate man to the ultimate condition of his existence. Discuss the functionalist perspective on religion (20 marks) the functionalist perspective is a consensus theory it believes that society has a set of shared values and beliefs. The functionalist perspective on religion is that religion contributes to the fulfilment of social order and stability within society the functionalists focus on the positive functions of society and what is needed for society to function accordingly.