And development of the english colonies in the seventeenth century what was the cultural and economic role of the family in colonial new england what economic factors shaped the emerging social structures of colonial america. In contrast to other colonies, there was a meetinghouse in every new england town 6 in 1750 boston, a city with a population of 15000, had eighteen churches 7 in the previous century church attendance was inconsistent at best. The social structure of the colonies at the bottom of the social ladder were slaves and indentured servants successful planters in the south and wealthy merchants in the north were the colonial elite. Factors that shaped colonial america many different things affected the shaping of colonial america in the new worldfactors such as colonialism, geography, and religion affected the way north america was formed and dictated how other people look at colonial america.
Political differences charter colonies, which gave a company the right to settle in america, mainly lied in the north royal colonies, however, were settled in the name of the king of england and were governed by the house of burgesses. Settlement and economic development: the colonies to 1763 (overview)in 1585, richard hakluyt the elder assured english readers of his pamphlet, inducements to the liking of the voyage intended towards virginia, that north america held the economic potential to form the basis of a great english commercial empire. Colonial social classes enslaved field hands slavery existed in all the british american colonies africans were brought to america to work, mainly in agriculture. Religion greatly shaped the growth of the colonial life in north america the king of england forced all english people to attend his church, the church of england, which at that time was a.
Discuss how socioeconomic factors in north america from the early 1600s to the 1770s shaped the thirteen english colonies and led to their ultimate rebellion against the mother country and their declaration of independence. While life in the thirteen colonies was shaped in part by english practices and participation in the larger atlantic world, emerging cultural patterns increasingly transformed north america into something wholly different. Perkins 1988 is another important overview of the north american economy, constructed from the standpoint of particular social groups daunton and halpern 1999 provides a valuable collection of essays on native american economies in north america. • how environmental factors, such as topography, climate variations and disease, influenced the settlement and development of the thirteen english colonies in north america • how american indians were impacted by european colonization and the nation's westward expansion. The english colonization of north america was but one chapter in the larger story of european expansion throughout the globe the portuguese , beginning with a voyage to porto santo off the coast of west africa in 1418, were the first europeans to promote overseas exploration and colonization.
For nearly three hundred years before the american revolution, the colonial south was a kaleidoscope of different people and cultures yet all residents of the region shared two important traits first, they lived and worked in a natural environment unlike any other in the american colonies second. Discuss how geography influenced the development of the economies, social structures, and political systems of the english colonies in north america in the 17th century. By the time the english had begun to settle permanent colonies in north america, the spanish and portuguese had developed a model of slavery to provide labor for commercial agriculture this model was critical for the development of slavery in anglo-america. By the middle of seventeenth century, several english colonies existed along the atlantic coast of north america economic, politic and social structures were established in the atlantic world the seeds had been planted, in the chesapeake, for the development of plantation societies based on unfree labor, and in new england, for arrivers.
The northern and southern colonies differed in the level of public participation in government and in the religious, social and economic factors that influenced policy the northern states, particularly those that make up new england, were primarily religious communities christianity shaped their. Only about 400,000 of them ended up in north america, the great majority arriving after 1700 most of the early human cargoes were hauled to spanish and portuguese south america or west indies africans had been brought to jamestown as early as 1619, but as late as 1670, they numbered only about 2,000 in virginia and about 7 percent of the. Restoration of the english monarchy even though there was an ocean between them, european politics shaped the development of american culture, ignited some feelings of unity across the colonies. Land claims in north america these colonies had more flexible social structures and began to the first permanent english settlement.
Discuss the colonizing efforts of france and holland in north america, the characteristics of the settlements they established, and the interactions between the settlers and native americans and between the settlers and their environment. England's american colonies formed on the atlantic coast of north america, with its first successful colony in jamestown, virginia the next two english colonies to develop, the plymouth and. The social-political structure included all three varieties: villages, cities, and small farms another difference is clearly noted in the human resources new england had skilled craftsmen in the industry of shipbuilding.